Energy and Climate Mitigation
Keeping the increase in global temperature below 1.5oC will require a renewable energy/zero-carbon energy system that is affordable and accessible to all
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, has given the world just 12 years to limit warming to less than 1.5°C to avoid catastrophic impacts.
The report makes it clear that the climate mitigation ambition set out under the Paris Agreement cannot limit warming to even 2°C. Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C between 2030 and 2052. To limit warming at 1.5°C, CO2 emissions will have to reduce by 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030 and reach net-zero by 2050.
A rapid transition away from fossil fuels and to zero-carbon technologies in the energy sector is vital to achieving the goal of 1.5°C. But this is easier said than done. For instance, an energy transition would entail phasing-out of coal-based power and its replacement with renewable energy and other zero-carbon sources by 2050. For India, this is a daunting challenge considering our reliance on coal for energy, growth and as a provider of jobs. Also, a shift to renewables would require massive investments and technology upgradation in the generation, transmission and distribution sectors, backed by pro-active policies. Similar shifts would be required in the industry and transport sectors.
Our integrated programme focuses on ‘Just Transition’ away from the fossil fuel economy and ‘Rapid Transition’ to renewable and zero-carbon technologies. It also works on low- and no-carbon development in industries, and energy efficiency in appliances, especially the Refrigeration and Air-conditioning (RAC) sector. The goal of this programme is to catalyse ambitious climate mitigation within India whilst engaging in international climate change negotiations to achieve an equitable and ambitious global mitigation target.
- Rapid transition to renewables and other zero-carbon energy technologies
- Just transition in coal mining areas
- Deep decarbonisation in industrial sectors
- Green cooling and energy efficiency
- Global climate change governance